REVIEW: The latest issue of “Forbes” in the 11 official Chukan, this month’s cover article is “- Bill Gates once again change the world.” This paper introduces the Bill – Gates lives in another major achievement: He created the world’s largest charitable foundation, he funds a number of vaccine research and development, he let millions of children have been vaccinated in developing countries , eliminating the disease and death.
Chad is a poor landlocked country, “Forbes” has said, here is the world’s most corrupt places to see in this Bill – Bill Gates is not that some incredible? However, 9 of the day, and he was the dictator of Chad Idriss – Deby issued to children with polio prevention pill. And the villain in order to complete his deal with another major event in life: to save lives, prevent children with disabilities. Gates said: “Despite the different and do business, but they also can be measured, you can set an ambitious goal, and then see what can be made. “
Gates donated vaccines worth more than $ 6 billion, mainly used against measles, hepatitis B, AIDS, which is the largest in human history charitable donations. He said: 23 cents a vaccine, you can make a child so that polio. Peak, when the disease killed 1.5 million each child’s life, there were 300,000 ordinary.
Gates is the richest man in America, if not donated so much money, he remains the world’s richest people. Reassuring that this is just the beginning for him, he also plans to invest more money and effort for the elimination of the disease. Gates said: If 25 then, because of polio caused 80% mortality reduction is not, then I would be very disappointed, it did not do my job description.
Gates sitting around, overlooking the Bill & Melinda? Gates Foundation, the new office, there is no pain and can not help but imagine a better tomorrow. Careful research he and his wife Melinda how to handle such a big human problems, you can imagine he vaguely look like when they were created Microsoft. An engineer step by step how to solve a problem, or, more importantly, how to use the capital to bring the greatest benefits for the world.
Gates reason to eradicate the disease, because he had a bold idea: to be widely accepted over the past 200 Malthusian population theory is wrong. Specifically, this theory holds that human existence would lead to population increase, population increase leading to all kinds of suffering.
1997, he and Melinda for the first time to invest in public health field. They focused on population control, and funded – John Hopkins University in a project. The project hopes to use computer technology to help women in developing countries to learn about contraception. They believe that health=Resource ÷ population, since the resources are fixed, then we must control population access to health, this makes no sense to release the vaccine. Gates was the idea, why just save the child, then took them to a crowded world, so that they can withstand hunger and war, and finally a painful death?
but learned more data, Gates changed his mind. Studies have shown that in all types of society, when the mortality, especially mortality of less than 10 1,000 people when the birth rate will decline, population growth will remain stable. The reason why many students parents of eight children, not because you want a big family, but feel that many children will die. Melinda said that if parents believe their children can grow up, they will naturally control the population.
Since then, Gates, the attitude of a 180 degree turn, but he was no longer concerned about population control efforts to save those who already born children. He donated the focus is not on the doctors and clinics, but the vaccine because the vaccine is better and very cheap. He said that we must choose the most effective way to donate not just money, and our time and energy.
their first donation amount is $ 100 million, primarily for the purchase of existing vaccines, and delivered to the United Nations. 1999 they set up their own funds, and subsequently changed its name to 比尔梅琳达盖茨 Foundation, the first round funding $ 21 billion, soon to become the world’s largest philanthropic organization. Now they have donated $ 36 billion, of which 25 billion has been used up.
Gates can donate a lot of money for the purchase of meningitis and malaria vaccine supply system can help create a more effective distribution of vaccines, but the completion of these tasks, he began to think about more serious problems, how in order for Pfizer, GSK and Merck such a large pharmaceutical company to produce a large number of expensive vaccines, and use them in children who most need it? Gates quickly come up with ways to make – Adam Smith’s invisible hand is more visible.
Gates realized that the first should establish a long-term public-private cooperation agencies. Soon the public part of the solution through his money, not because of a variety of charitable organizations, aid funding and fight, but the private part of the more challenging. Compared to the manufacture of drugs, production more difficult and more expensive vaccines, pharmaceutical perhaps very much like to send vaccines to children in Afghanistan, but they must consider their own costs. 1999, by and UNICEF, the World Bank, the United Nations and aid groups as well as major pharmaceutical mediation, he established the GAVI Alliance (GAVI), Gates has invested its $ 2.5 billion.
GAVI’s operating mode is very unique. The first is to buy it to force co-funded vaccination programs in developing countries, even nominally to pay 20 cents per dose; second is responsibility, which requires a clear process documentation to ensure that vaccines used in children, and the establishment of a sustainable delivery system. Thanks to the parents and with the full funding, GAVI is a long established major pharmaceutical markets, but also in profits. To promote competition, increase supply and lower prices, GAVI also encourage pharmaceutical from China and India to bid.
GAVI has made brilliant achievements in the past seven years, a standard five-embryo vaccine (including diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis) and prices have dropped by 40% over the same period the prices of hepatitis B vaccine 68 %, which makes millions of children can be vaccinated. Rotavirus is a fatal disease, and Roth GSK’s vaccine to prevent the law is the main, the price dropped from $ 102 250 U.S. dollars, while India’s Bharat is the cost of pharmaceuticals down $ 1.
out for some new expensive drugs, such as the world’s most expensive vaccines, prevention and treatment of pneumonia, Pfizer developed Prevnar, GAVI will take further measures. GAVI will generally commit to purchase a certain number of drugs, so you can ensure that the pharmaceutical companies to continue production. GAVI for their long-term purchase of an upper limit of expenditure, such as Prevnar cost not more than 3.5 U.S. dollars, but the price is 114 U.S. dollars, although such is extortion, Gates and his partners will bear these costs. In order to give 250 million children against pneumococcal and rotavirus vaccines, GAVI to include the United Kingdom, Norway and the United States raised a number of countries, including $ 3.0 billion, and Gates has invested $ 1 billion. This 3.4 million children away from the hepatitis B, measles, 1.2 million children away from the 56 million children away from Haemophilus influenzae, 47.4 million people in eliminating the pain of whooping cough, there are 14 million people suffering from yellow throat and then do not worry about disease .
Melinda said, this one on a trip in Kenya, she met a mother walking eight hours, hoping to take their children to the vaccine. She also had pneumonia in children seen four share a oxygen tube, they are breathing very difficult. Gates Foundation hope that the children can get the vaccine, which can reduce their risk of suffering from pneumonia.
Gates is most concerned about is the two diseases: one is malaria, a disease through infected mosquitoes per 250 million people, of which 800 000 and therefore the death; the other is polio. For the former, he paid to Glaxo Pharmaceutical $ 200 million, to subsidize their production of vaccines, because a long time, Glaxo production of this vaccine are not profitable, studies have shown that after vaccination, infection rates will be cut in half. He also determined to eliminate polio, smallpox disease since this may disappear from the earth after the second disease.
When this mode is gradually formed, as Gates also changed, in order to ensure the normal operation of the system, he needs to act as a global health ambassador role. Considering his influence, leaders usually corresponding to his call. For example, when his lightning visit to Chad, the public saw the national leadership and vaccination of children with photographs, many of the future to strengthen the country’s health insurance is a promotion.
although there is still some criticism of Gates and taxpayer fraud he said, because he’s from Seattle to get a free land to build the Gates Foundation’s new office, also said he was only concerned about the vaccine and the ignored other diseases. But for a critique of the anti-Christ had been an engineer, a stifling of innovation oligarchs, he was so generous to donate or get more recognition. Novartis Vaccines head Andrin Oswald said Gates powerful guarantee of millions of children in developing countries away from death. Due to the eradication of smallpox disease and the world-famous William Foege said, is what happened over the past ten we were undreamed of, the world will not change.
for the people of his flattery, Gates always laugh it off. Foege said Gates and Maurice Hilleman achievements can be compared to know Hilleman invented the measles, mumps vaccine and a variety of diseases. Gates said can, all this should be attributed to Hilleman, vaccine is his invention, his laboratory at Merck.
Gates was asked which accomplishment is more important to him, is the computer software or vaccination. Gates said: It’s really hard to compare, from saving lives, the vaccine is more important, but the two in my life have the same meaning.Tags: "Forbes": - Bill Gates changed the world again